Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either due to the body producing too much or not enough insulin.
Some of the signs and symptoms of diabetes present as always being tired, crave extra liquids, frequent urination, numbness and tingling of feet, always hungry and unexplained weight loss.
The Bay of Plenty District Health Board's diabetes service is based at Tauranga and Whakatāne Hospitals and will provide you with specialist medical, nursing and dietetic assessment, treatment and care. This is to ensure the best management of your diabetes and promote self-management where possible.
There are three main types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes is less common than Type 2. This is a result of when the body does not produce enough or fails to produce insulin.
- Type 2 diabetes makes up about 90% or more of those with diabetes. This is a result of insulin resistance, which is when cells fail to use insulin properly.
Both of these types of diabetes can cause serious health problems if the blood sugars are not "controlled" i.e. kept as normal as possible.
- Gestational diabetes is when pregnant women, who have never had diabetes before have high blood glucose levels during pregnancy.